Fascinating facts about conifers


Fascinating facts about conifers
Fascinating facts about conifers:  Conifers are a group of about 588 species of trees and shrubs.
All conifers bear seeds inside cones, which are woody protective structures.
There are seven families of conifers. The largest is the Pine family which has 232 species.

These include trees such as the pine, spruce, fir, and larch.
Most plants in this family have needle like foliage.  They bear their seeds in a cone formed of woody scales whorled about a central axis.

The oldest known trees, include the pine family, such as the bristle cone pines.
Many of which are known to be more than four thousand years old.

Podocarps are the next largest family of about  147 species.
Most Podocarps are tropical trees.
Generally, they have broad leaves and bear their seeds in a structure similar to a berry.
These trees are closely related to the Cypress family, which has about 141 species.

Most trees in the Cypress family bear scale like foliage and have cones that have only a few scales.
Besides cypress, this diverse family includes juniper, a common tree or shrub in desert areas.

They also include giant sequoia. This  is the largest tree in the world.
The tallest tree in the world is the coast redwood.

The remaining 68 species of conifers,  include a wide variety of less well-known trees.
Such as the yews, which are common garden plants.

The Siberian larch is the most numerous and widespread of all trees.
Almost all conifers are trees.  So they create forests that provide habitat for wildlife and a wide variety of insects, fungi, and smaller plants.
Economically, conifers are important to grow.
This is  because they provide wood for products that are used to make buildings, furniture, and paper.

Conifers are one of the oldest groups of plants, with araucaria-like trees first appearing about 290 million years ago.
MyAlberton

 Fascinating facts about conifers

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